Even as Indian children continue to grapple with undernutrition, the first ever national nutrition survey of children and adolescents shows a growing risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, hypertension and chronic kidney disease, with many showing early signs of these diseases. Almost one in 10 children, 5 to 9 years, were pre-diabetic and 1% were already diabetic, according to the government’s Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS), released on October 8, 2019.
About 5% of children and adolescents, 5-19 years, were overweight, the survey found. Signs of high cholesterol and triglycerides in children and adolescents–India’s future working-age population–that increases risk for heart disease, stroke and other NCDs puts our growth opportunity from our young population at risk.
The survey was conducted between 2016 and 2018 by the Ministry of Health And Family Welfare, with the United Nations Children’s Fund and the Population Council of India. It surveyed a sample of 112,000 children in 30 states.