The report which is titled ‘Composite Water Management Index’ released by Minister for Water Resources Nitin Gadkari, further said twenty-one major cities are expected to run out of groundwater as soon as 2020, affecting 100 million people. Nearly 70% of water is contaminated, which puts India at the 120th position among 122 countries in the water quality index.
NITI Aayog has ranked all states in the index on the composite water management, comprising 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators covering various aspects of groundwater, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy & governance.
Gujrat has emerged as the best in the country followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra & Karnataka.
In Himalayan & northeastern states, Tripura has been adjudged as the top state in 2016-17 followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim & Assam.
The Northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Haryana & others, which are home to over 600 million people are the low performers. The low performing states account for 20-30% of India’s agricultural output.