The birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is celebrated all over Maharashtra with enthusiasm and fervour. Many social organisations, cultural organisations, educational institutes, and government offices held various competitions to mark the event. Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu, in a tweet, said Shivaji Maharaj was a legendary king, known for his warfare strategies, administrative skills, progressive outlook and respect for women. Mr Naidu said his life and legendary acts of bravery will continue to inspire every Indian. In a tweet, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said Shivaji was a warrior for truth and justice. He said Shivaji is revered as an ideal ruler, devout patriot and is particularly respected by the poor and downtrodden.
5 lesser known facts about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
- Chhatrapati Shivaji was married to Saibai, Soyarabai, Kashibai, Putalabai and Sagunabai and had two sons and three daughters. His father was Shahaji Bhonsale who served as a general to Deccan Sultanates.
- Shivaji was devoted to his mother Jijabai, who was deeply religious. His studies of the Hindu epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, also influenced his lifelong defence of Hindu values. Shivaji was deeply interested in religious teachings, and regularly sought the company of Hindu and Sufi saints.
- Chhatrapati Shivaji is most famous for challenging the mighty Mughal Empire, at the time ruled by Aurangzeb. Although Emperor Aurangzeb tried to capture all the forts and territories under Shivaji he could not achieve much success due to Shivaji’s able leadership.
- Shivaji was a very secular leader and let his people follow the religion of their choice. His own army had a cavalry of about 1,50,000 Muslims. When he was just 16-year-old he negotiated with Bijapuri commander Inayat Khan to hand over the Torna fort to him. Soon after the victory of Battle of Sinhagad, he was coroneted on 6th June 1674, as the King of the Marathas. Under his dedicated rule, the small independent land ‘Hindavi Swaraj’ went on to become a large kingdom ranging from Northwest India to the East.
- Shivaji succumbed to fatal illness spanning many weeks in 1680 and his empire was taken over by his son Sambhaji.