The decade from 2014 to 2023 could end up being the warmest in over 150 years of records. The figures released by the UK Met Office are based on data from a number of sources including the latest publication of provisional figures for 2018. Records for annual global average temperature extend back to 1850. Head of Long-Range Prediction at the Met Office in the UK, Adam Scaife said, the global average temperature between now and 2023 is predicted to remain high.
For the next five years, it will be one degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Averaged over the five-year period 2019-2023, forecast patterns suggest enhanced warming is likely over much of the globe, especially over land and at high northern latitudes, particularly the Arctic region. 2018 is cited to be the fourth warmest year on record globally.
It follows 2015, 2016 and 2017, which are the three warmest years in the 169-year record. The effects of climate change are not limited to surface temperature. Warming of the climate system is seen across a range of climate indicators that build a picture of global changes occurring across the land, atmosphere, oceans and ice.