Gorta village in Bidar holds a unique place in the country’s history of independence struggle and yet it remains unknown to thousands. After India’s independence in 1947, Hyderabad state comprising Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Vidarbha region of Maharastra and the Hyderabad-Karnataka region still remained under the rule of Nizam of Hyderabad. The Nizam decided to keep Hyderabad independent, but the residents of erstwhile Hyderabad State began opposing the Nizam’s rule.
Gorta village in Bidar on the northern tip of Karnataka witnessed one of the bloodiest struggles against the Nizam’s rule. As the dawn of independence descended on the country on August 15, 1947, Hyderabad Karnataka region continued its struggle for independence till September 17, 1948. Gorta villagers strongly resisted the Nizam’s rule.
A private militia called Razakars, entered the village on horses, armed with rifles and other weapons on May 8, 1948. Razakars headed by one Kasim Razvi surrounded the village and started indiscriminate firing reminding one of the Jalianwala bagh massacre. In this almost 200 people were killed including women and children. When the rest of India celebrates Independence Day on August 15, the people of Hyderabad Karnataka region celebrate Hyderabad Karnataka Liberation Day on September 17 every year.